FAQs

FAQs about Essentiale

What is the recommended dosage of Essentiale?
Essentiale is recommended to be taken orally as 2 capsules 3 times a day.
Why should I take Essentiale?
If you have symptoms of liver disorders, Essentiale may help to support vital functions of the liver*. It has liver protection and regenerative effects in liver cells* so may help to protect from damage caused by excessive or prolonged intake of alcohol or medications, fat deposits because of obesity, diabetes, high blood cholesterol and triglycerides, and infection.

Take the Liver Symptom questionnaire
* As shown in experimentally induced-liver cell damage
How does Essentiale differ from Silymarin?
• Essentiale is made up of essential phospholipids derived from soya beans and works by protecting the liver* due to its regenerative effects of replacing/reconstructing the damaged phospholipids in the cell membrane.
• Silymarin is derived from a plant called milk thistle. By its antioxidant action it helps to reduce or prevent liver damage caused by alcohol, poisonous mushrooms, drugs and other harmful substances.

* As shown in experimentally induced-liver cell damage”

FAQs about Liver Health

How can I ensure that my liver stays healthy?
Prevention is always better than cure.  Start by taking care of your liver now.  See our tab on how to take care of your liver for more details.
What happens during a liver check-up?
Usually, the following can happen:
a) Exhaustive medical and family history.
The patient's lifestyle will be explored as to diet, intake of fatty foods, alcohol, medicines, along with history of illnesses.
b) Physical examination :
While you are lying down, the doctor will carefully examine your abdomen towards the upper right part to assess for tenderness and size of the liver.
c) Blood test
In particular, these check for indicators of liver damage such as elevation of certain liver enzymes.
d) Imaging
You may be asked to have an ultrasound or CT scan of your liver for further assessment.

FAQs about Liver Diseases

What is hepatitis? What causes hepatitis?

Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver.  In some cases it can resolve, but in some cases it can progress to fibrosis (scarring) and cirrhosis.

Hepatitis can be caused by viruses, toxins (notably alcohol and certain medications), other infections and autoimmune diseases.

What is the difference of hepatitis A vs hepatitis B?

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis B

 How common is it?

Hepatitis A is the most common of the viral types of hepatitis

The prevalence of Hepatitis B is different in different parts of the world. Low prevalence areas (0.1-2%) are Western Europe, United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Intermediate prevalence (3-5%) are the Mediterranean

countries, Japan, Central Asia, the Middle East, and Latin and South America.  High prevalence areas (10-20%) are southeast Asia, China, and sub-Saharan Africa.

 

 How is it spread?

You can catch hepatitis A if:

  • You eat or drink food or water that has been contaminated by stools (feces) containing the hepatitis A virus (fruits, vegetables, shellfish, ice, and water are common sources of the hepatitis A virus)
  • You come in contact with the stool or blood of a person who currently has the disease
  • A person with hepatitis A does not wash his or her hands properly after going to the bathroom and touches other objects or food

Careful hygiene can minimise the risk of the virus being passed on this way

  • Hepatitis A can also be spread if you participate in sexual practices that involve oral-anal contact

 

Hepatitis B infection can be spread through contact with the blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and other body fluids of someone who already has hepatitis B.

Infection can be spread through:

  • Blood transfusions
  • Direct contact with blood in health care settings
  • Sexual contact with an infected person
  • Tattoo or acupuncture with unclean needles or instruments
  • Shared needles during drug use
  • Shared personal items (such as toothbrushes, razors, and nail clippers) with an infected person

The hepatitis B virus can be passed to an infant during childbirth if the mother is infected.

 

 Treatment

Most people fight off the virus naturally within a few months. Patients should avoid alcohol.

For most patients with hepatitis B. symptoms will not be severe and treatment will not be required. However, patients should be monitored by a specialist.  After a few months the patient’s immune system should fight off the virus.

In some, especially younger patients, HBV infection will persist and become chronic.

Antiviral medication is given as treatment to those with chronic symptoms to help prevent further liver damage. These medications may be injected or given in pill form.

Patients should avoid alcohol, get plenty of rest and eat a healthy diet.

 

If I am vaccinated for hepatitis A or B, is it for a lifetime?
Hepatitis A vaccination is likely to be effective for over 20 years, possibly lifelong. 
Hepatitis B vaccination usually offers protection for about 5 years and then needs a booster.
Is Fatty liver reversible?
Fatty liver is reversible if caught early and the cause is treated (e.g. stop drinking alcohol, treat metabolic syndrome). However if it progresses and the liver is inflamed, this can lead to permanent damage.
What are the causes of Fatty Liver?
Fatty liver is commonly associated with alcohol intake or metabolic syndrome (diabetes, hypertension, obesity and dyslipidemia) but can also be due to any one of many causes.
What is liver cirrhosis?
Cirrhosis is scarring of the liver that happens because of chronic liver disease. The most common causes are alcohol abuse, viral hepatitis infection and fatty liver. Other causes include toxins (e.g. certain medications) and autoimmune disorders.
Is liver cirrhosis curable?
Sadly, cirrhosis cannot be cured, but progression of the disease can be slowed down by treating the cause. E.g. not drinking any alcohol, or taking antiviral medications, or maintaining a good diet.
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(*) As shown in experimentally induced-liver cell damage

(**) http://www.liver.ca/liver-health/liver-facts.aspx

Essentiale is 300mg essential phospholipids. Always read the label. Use as directed & if symptoms persist see your healthcare professional.